Phytoplankton of the Barents Sea

Cover of: Phytoplankton of the Barents Sea |

Published by Russian Academy of Sciences, Kola Science Center, Murmansk Marine Biological Institute in Apatity .

Written in English

Read online

Places:

  • Barents Sea.

Subjects:

  • Marine algae -- Barents Sea.,
  • Marine phytoplankton -- Barents Sea.

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesFitoplankton Barent͡s︡eva mori͡a︡.
Statement[otvetstvennyĭ redaktor, L.L. Kuznet͡s︡ov].
ContributionsKuznet͡s︡ov, L. L., kand. biol. nauk., Murmanskiĭ morskoĭ biologicheskiĭ institut.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQK580 .P48 1992
The Physical Object
Pagination116 p. :
Number of Pages116
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1511332M
LC Control Number93193987

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The colors were painted by a massive phytoplankton bloom made up of millions of tiny, light-reflecting organisms growing in the sunlit surface waters of the Barents Sea. Such blooms peak every August in the Barents Sea. The variations in color are caused by different species and concentrations of phytoplankton.

Clear skies over northern Russia and Scandinavia reveal magnificent swirls of blue and turquoise in the Barents Sea. This true-color image, captured by the NOAA satellite on Jshows a large phytoplankton bloom, made up of millions of tiny plant organisms that thrive in the nutrient-rich waters of the Arctic.

Phytoplankton blooms are common in the Barents Sea in. Few phytoplankton investigations have been Phytoplankton of the Barents Sea book out at the end of the growth season, particularly in the Arctic. In the present study, we monitored the phytoplankton distribution in relation to environmental conditions in the Barents Sea in September and October An ice-edge bloom was found in September at 80° N in a stratified meltwater layer, lasting until new ice formation and Cited by:   A list of publications of the Barents Sea phytoplankton and the stages of phytoplankton study of the Barents Sea by Russian scientists are presented in the "Review by region" and "History references" sections.

Kara Sea. The history of phytoplankton studies of the Kara Sea started from the scientific cruise of A. Nordensheld in Due to the North Atlantic drift, the Barents Sea has a lot of plants and animals compared to other oceans of similar spring bloom of phytoplankton can start quite early close to the ice edge.

The fresh water from the melting ice makes up a water layer on top of the sea water. The phytoplankton bloom feeds animals that eat zooplankton include young cod, capelin. Brilliant shades of blue and green explode across the Barents Sea in this natural-color image taken on Augby the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on the Aqua satellite.

The color was created by a massive bloom of phytoplankton that are common in the area each August. The clear view is a rare treat since the Barents Sea is cloud-covered roughly 80 percent of the time.

Photograph by NASA image courtesy Norman Kuring, NASA Ocean Color Group In this natural-color image from Augthe ocean’s canvas swirls with turquoise, teal, navy, and green, the abstract art of the natural world. The colors were painted by a massive phytoplankton bloom made up of millions of tiny, light-reflecting organisms growing in the sunlit surface waters of the Barents Sea.

Phytoplankton Blooms in the Barents Sea All phytoplankton need sufficient carbon dioxide, sunlight, and dissolved nutrients to bloom. Any given bloom can include a broad range of species, but different species dominate the seas under different conditions.

A study published in (Signorini & McClain ) found that in the Barents File Size: 3MB. Larionov, V.V., The Barents Sea coastal zone phytoplankton. In: "Environment and ecosystems of the Novaya Zemlya (Archipelago and shelf)". Apatity, Kola Scientific Center RAN, Larionov, V.V., General regularities of temporal and spatial variability of the Barents Sea phytoplankton.

In: "Plankton of the West Atlantic Seas". Phytoplankton dynamics in the Barents Sea Table 1. Location, sediment trap sampling depth, and water column depth of 4 stations visited in the Barents Sea during this study.

The spring bloom was underway in May-June while summer conditions prevailed in July of Date Station Latitude Longitude Trap Water column.

Highlights Nutrients and phytoplankton biomass distribution and activity at the Barents Sea Polar Front during summer were investigated. Phytoplankton biomass was generally low with chlorophyll a concentrations lower than 2 mg m − 3. We found that the quantum efficiency of phytoplankton is to a certain degree controlled by nitrate down to total depletion.

No stimulatory front effect was Cited by: This book describes the marine ecosystem of the Barents Sea, located north of Norway and Russia as part of the Arctic Ocean.

Basic knowledge is presented about components of the ecosystem from virus and bacteria via plankton and fish to seabirds through to marine mammals and their interactions with the physical environment.

Phytoplankton Bloom in the Barents Sea (Photo of the Day) Joshua S Hill - Aug This impressive shot from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Aqua satellite was captured on Aug and shows a massive phytoplankton bloom in the Barents Sea, located north of Norway and Russia.

Barents Sea, outlying portion of the Arctic Ocean miles (1, km) long and miles (1, km) wide and coveringsquare miles (1, square km). Its average depth is feet ( m), plunging to a maximum of 2, feet ( m) in the major Bear Island Trench.

It is bounded by. Khlebovich TV () Qualitative composition and seasonal changes of phytoplankton abundance in the Chupa Inlet of the White Sea. Issledovaniya fauny morey.

13 Sezonnye yavleniya v zhizni Belogo i Barentseva morey (Exploration of the fauna of the seas. Vol. seasonal phenomena in Cited by: 4. ICES AdviceBook 3 1 3 THE BARENTS SEA AND THE NORWEGIAN SEA Ecosystem Overview Ecosystem components General geography The Barents Sea is a shelf area of approx.

million km2, which borders to the Norwegian Sea in the west and the Arctic Ocean in the north, and is part of the continental shelf area surrounding the Arctic Size: KB. Phytoplankton blooms in the Barents Sea are highly sensitive to seasonal and interannual changes in sea ice extent, water mass distribution, and oceanic fronts.

Abstract. Monitoring data of phytoplankton abundance and biomass (–) and Chl. a (–) from surface samples (0–10 m) of the Kattegat, Belt Sea and Baltic proper were investigated for long-term trends.

The Mann–Kendall test as well as the LOESS smoother was applied for three taxonomic groups in spring, summer and autumn by: 20 Temporal and spatial dynamics of phytoplankton and zooplankton in the Barents Sea have 21 been investigated during the last three decades using remote sensing and in situ observations.

This book describes the marine ecosystem of the Barents Sea, located north of Norway and Russia as part of the Arctic Ocean. Basic knowledge is presented about components of the ecosystem from virus and bacteria via plankton and fish to seabirds through to marine mammals and their interactions with the physical environment.

Ecosystem dynamics are given a prominent role in the book.4/5(2). ICES AdviceBook 3 3 Phytoplankton The Barents Sea is a spring bloom system and during winter primary production is close to zero. The timing of the phytoplankton bloom is variable throughout the Barents Sea, and has also high interannual variability.

In early spring,File Size: 3MB. A NASA satellite has sent down an image of a phytoplankton bloom stretching across the Barents Sea, located north of Norway and Russia. The bloom is. The Barents Sea is a high latitude ecosystem characterized by high variability.

There are large interannual variations in ice cover, spring phytoplankton bloom dynamics, zooplankton stocks, and Cited by:   The Barents Sea is a large marine ecosystem that borders Norway and is located on the North European continental shelf between 70 degrees and 80 degrees north and includes the Svalbard archipelago to the Northwest and the Novaya Zemlya archipelago to the east.

It covers an area of approximately million square kilometers. About this book. The book covers phytoplankton and some planktonic colourless forms like choanoflagellates and tintinnids found in north European coastal and adjacent oceanic waters (North Sea, Norwegian Sea and Barents Sea).

The Barents Sea – offering a high biological production Due to the North Atlantic drift, the Barents Sea has a high biological production compared to other oceans of similar latitude. The fresh water from the melting ice makes up a stable water layer on top of the sea water, thus enabling the spring bloom of phytoplankton to start quite early.

The Battle of the Barents Sea was a World War II naval engagement on 31 December between warships of the German Navy (Kriegsmarine) and British ships escorting convoy JW 51B to Kola Inlet in the action took place in the Barents Sea north of North Cape, German raiders' failure to inflict significant losses on the convoy infuriated Hitler, who ordered that German naval Location: Barents Sea, north of North Cape, Norway.

The phytoplankton in this image, however, are very reflective; the milky color suggests that this bloom might contain coccolithophores—microscopic plankton that are plated with white calcium carbonate.

Coccolithophores tend to bloom in the Barents Sea from July through September, when this shallow northern sea is typically ice-free. Although the Argos buoys have said that the sea surface temperature warmed by C or so, this would not be nearly enough to counteract the effect of the increased CO2 in the atmosphere.

The increase in CO2 in the air is beneficial to the phytoplankton, and to all marine animals which feed on them. This might lead to more fish in the sea. The events and decisions that culminated in the Battle of the Barents Sea-what many consider to be the most important naval engagement of World War II's European theatre-in which eight of the German navy's most powerful ships failed to sink a Russian convoy guarded by only four small British destroyers, are brought to life by the author in this tale of men struggling to carry out their orders /5(23).

A network of stations throughout the Barents Sea, including stations around the whole of Svalbard from The Barents Sea network has varied somewhat from year to year. The stations have been chosen so as to give an aggregated measurement of the zooplankton biomass in the Barents Sea.

The Barents Sea; Relations to other monitoring Monitoring. A comparison of the taxonomic composition of the diatom and dinoflagellate assemblages has been carried out for the south-eastern Barents Sea (Pechora Sea) and the south-western Kara Sea.

All available literature and original data have been used in making the floristic lists which have been corrected for synonymy. The marginal ice zone (MIZ) in the northern Barents Sea is ecologically important because it represents a highly productive area in Arctic water masses north of the Polar Front.

During a multi-disciplinary cruise inecological and oceanographic processes were investigated at four stations located in a north-south transect in the MIZ. The alga boom in the Barents Sea is highly visible. This photo is based on satellite images from July 6th.

Novaya Zemlya can be seen to the east while Finnmark, the Kola Peninsula, the White Sea area (under the skies), Cape Kanin and the island of Kolguyev are visible from the west to the south-east. The Barents Sea. One of the biggest convoy battles happened here in when PQ was almost eliminated.

The boats operating there were mostly from the 11th Flotilla in Bergen and the 13th Flotilla in Trondheim. This area saw the battles for convoys PQ, QP, RA and JW from to The path shown in red on the map is the approximate route. The Barents Sea (Norse: Barentshavet, Roushie: Баренцево море or Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea o the Arctic Ocean, locatit north o Norawa an Roushie.

Kent in the Middle Ages as the Murman Sea, the sea taks its current name frae the Dutch navigator Willem is a rather deep shelf sea (average depth feet ( m) an maximum depth 1, feet ( m)), bordered bi the.

The Barents Sea is home to one of the largest concentrations of seabirds in the world [30 breeding and overwintering species including northern fulmar, black-legged kittiwake, razorbill, Atlantic puffin and common guillemot which show declines in the western Barents Sea], a diverse assemblage of marine mammals, including polar bears, and.

Phytoplankton blooms in the Barents Sea are highly sensitive to seasonal and interannual changes in sea ice extent, water mass distribution, and oceanic fronts. With the ongoing increase of Atlantic Water inflows, we expect an impact on these blooms.

Here, we use a state‐of‐the‐art collection of in situ hydrogeochemical data for the Cited by: This image of the Barents Sea was taken on Aug by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite.

5 Replies to “Explosive Phytoplankton Bloom. The waters off Iceland rank among the world’s most productive fisheries. The reason for the abundance is an ample supply of phytoplankton, the base of the marine food chain.

Like any plant, microscopic phytoplankton need sunlight and nutrients to survive. Iceland’s coastal waters offer both during the long days of : Steve Fox. Table Monitoring areas in the Barents Sea for monitoring of the changes in benthos under influences of different anthropogenic and environmental factors.

Benthic monitoring on Shtokman field and the Kola section has been carried out by MMBI. For .The abstracts in this book are published on the basis of the information submitted by the respective authors. The publisher and editors cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this book of abstracts.

Reproduction is authorized, provided that appropriate mention is made of the File Size: 1MB.See posts, photos and more on Facebook.

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